Muscat of Spina

Muscat of Spina is a clone of one of the oldest known grape varieties, Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains. Its origins are lost in the centuries, but many experts support it is from Greece, where it is widely grown in Samos and Kefalonia as well as all over the world, notably France, Italy, and the USA.

In Crete, it has a long history of cultivation and has been generally used for dry wines. The most flavourful wines you’ll find on the island come from this grape. They have intense fruity and floral aromas of orange peel, lime, lemon blossom and rose. They are primarily produced as single-varietal wines.

In the vineyard, it shows great adaptability to many soils and locations. However, it is challenging to grow. It is very susceptible to both downy and powdery mildew, botrytis, and berry moths. Productivity, however, is not low, so it is still a sustainable grape to grow. Crete serves as a wealthy database of unique vine material for this grape. Many vineyards, planted before phylloxera led to the homogenisation of vine material worldwide, are approaching 120 years of age.

The main growing areas for this grape are concentrated in Central Crete, around the villages of Maza, Spina as well as Heraklion region. Most vineyards are at elevations of 500 to 900 m (1,640 and 2,952 ft). The wines can show similar freshness to those from the highlands of Samos, most notably a marked acidity.

Wines from Muscat of Spina variety